New IACHR Report on Captive Indigenous Communities in Bolivia

Today, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights released a new publication, entitled Captive Communities: Situation of the Guaraní Indigenous People and Contemporary Forms of Slavery in the Bolivian Chaco, which focuses on the plight of Guaraní communities subjected to debt bondage and forced labor on private estates in the Chaco region of Bolivia.  The findings are based in part on

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ICJ Finds Uruguay Breached Procedural, but Not Substantive, Obligations in Pulp Mill Case Brought by Argentina

The International Court of Justice announced its judgment in the Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay), in which it held that Uruguay had breached its obligations under the Statute of the River Uruguay to cooperate with Argentina and the Administrative Commission of the River Uruguay, as required prior to the authorization of development projects that

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IACHR Presents 2009 Annual Report

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights on Thursday presented its 2009 Annual Report to the Committee on Juridical and Political Affairs of the Organization of American States.  See the  press release, IACHR President Felipe Gonzalez’ speech before the Committee, and a video of the presentation and discussion.  The most controversial part of the report is its Chapter 4 which describes,

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Argentine Officer Sentenced to 15 Years for Dirty War Abuses

Former army intelligence officer Horacio Barcos was sentenced to 15 years’ imprisonment by the Tribunal Oral Federal in Santa Fe, Argentina on Monday in the culmination of his prosecution for alleged crimes against humanity committed during the Dirty War, presided over by Jorge Rafael Videla‘s military dictatorship.  Barcos was sentenced to 11 years in prison for the crimes of illegal

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New Human Rights Watch Reports on Possible War Crimes in Gaza War and Segregation of HIV-Positive Inmates in U.S.

Among other recent reports published by Human Rights Watch, now available on its website are a report the Gaza War and conditions of detention for HIV-positive prisoners in the United States.  The first, entitled Turning a Blind Eye: Impunity for Laws-of-War Violations during the Gaza War, details the allegedly inadequate investigations on the part of the relevant authorities of violations

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Judge Orders Release of Guantanamo Detainee Mohamedou Slahi

Today, the ACLU made available on its website D.C. District Court Judge James Robertson’s order granting Guantanamo Bay detainee Mohamedou Ould Slahi’s petition for writ of habeas corpus (here).  The decision, handed down on March 22, was under seal pending release of an unclassified version.  Judge Robertson’s decision comes over eight years after Slahi’s initial detention in Senegal in November

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Spain's Baltasar Garzón Faces Prosecution for Investigation of Franco-Era Crimes

Spanish Judge Baltasar Garzón will be tried in connection with his judicial investigation into the enforced disappearances of thousands of individuals and other atrocities committed during Spain’s civil war (1936-1939) and the dictatorship of General Francisco Franco (1939-1975).  Charges against the judge were brought by private actors, two right-wing interest groups, one of which was the State political party (Falange

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1983 Beirut Bombing Victims Awarded $1 Billion in Punitive Damages

On March 31, the U.S. District Court for the District of Colombia issued its final judgment in Valore v. Islamic Republic of Iran, awarding the survivors and victims’ estates over $1 billion in damages.  The plaintiffs alleged tort liability under the amended the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act and District of Colombia law for the deaths, injuries, and pain and suffering caused

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