ICTR Case Summaries

This table lists, and links to summaries of, all cases in which the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) issued an indictment concerning alleged acts of genocide, war crimes, or crimes against humanity. It includes cases transferred to national jurisdictions, instances when the ICTR withdrew the indictments, and cases where the indicted individuals remain at large or died before the completion of their trials. The table does not include trials for contempt or false testimony.

Click on the link in the “Case Name” column to see a brief summary of the allegations and proceedings in each case. Each summary page also links to the case webpages at the ICTR and International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals (IRMCT), the entity that is handling remaining retrials and appeals following the ICTR’s closure in 2015. Note that the table only includes dates for trial and appeals judgments at the ICTR, and not at the IRMCT.

See the Online Resource Hub pages on the ICTR and International Criminal Law for additional information. (Note: IJRC has also summarized and indexed the cases before the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).)

Case NameCase NumberTrial Judgment Appeal JudgmentDefendant(s)Final Outcome
AKAYESUICTR-96-4September 2, 1998June 1, 2001Jean Paul AkayesuConviction
BAGARAGAZAICTR-05-86November 17, 2009Michel BagaragazaPled guilty
BAGILISHEMAICTR-95-1AJune 7, 2001July 3, 2002Ignace BagilishemaAcquittal
BAGOSORA et al. (Military I)ICTR-98-41December 18, 2008May 18, 2012Théoneste Bagosora, Gratien Kabiligi, Aloys Ntabakuze, Anatole NsengiyumvaConviction
BIZIMUNGU et al. (Government II) ICTR-99-50September 30, 2011February 4, 2013Jérôme Bicamumpaka, Casimir Bizimungu, Justin Mugenzi, and Prosper MugiranezaAcquittal
BIKINDI ICTR-01-72February 12, 2008March 18, 2010Simon BikindiConviction
BISENGIMANA ICTR-00-60April 13, 2006Paul BisengimanaGuilty plea
NDINDILIYIMANA et al (Military II) ICTR-00-56May 17, 2011February 11, 2014Augustin Bizimungu, Augustin Ndindiliyimana, François-Xavier Nzuwonemeye, and Innocent SagahutuConviction
GACUMBITSIICTR-01-64June 17, 2004July 7, 2006Sylvestre GacumbitsiConviction
GATETEICTR-00-61March 31, 2011August 9, 2012Jean-Baptiste GateteConviction
HATEGEKIMANAICTR-00-55BDecember 6, 2010May 8, 2012Ildephonse HategekimanaConviction
KAJELIJELIICTR-98-44ADecember 1, 2003May 23, 2005Juvénal KajelijeliConviction
KALIMANZIRAICTR-05-88June 22, 2009October 20, 2010Callixte KalimanziraConviction
KAMBANDAICTR-97-23September 4, 1998October 19, 2000Jean KambandaGuilty plea
KAMUHANDAICTR-99-54AJanuary 22, 2004August 19, 2005Jean de Dieu KamuhandaConviction
KANYARUKIGAICTR-02-78November 1, 2010May 8, 2012Gaspard KanyarukigaConviction
KAREMERA et al.ICTR-98-44 February 2, 2012August 29, 2014Édouard Karemera, Matthieu Ngirumpatse, and Joseph NziroreraConviction
KARERAICTR-01-74December 7, 2007February 2, 2009François KareraConviction
KAYISHEMA et al.ICTR-95-1 May 21, 1999June 1, 2001Clément Kayishema and Obed RuzindanaConviction
MPAMBARAICTR-01-65September 11, 2006Jean MpambaraAcquittal
BIZIMANAICTR-98-44IAugustin BizimanaDied before trial
BUCYIBARUTAICTR-05-85Laurent BucyibarutaTransferred
KABUGAICTR-98-44BFélicien KabugaArrested
KAYISHEMAICTR-01-67Fulgence KayishemaFugitive
MPIRANYAICTR-00-56AProtais MpiranyaFugitive
MUHIMANAICTR-95-1BApril 28, 2005May 21, 2007Mikaeli MuhimanaConviction
MUNYAGISHARIICTR-05-89Bernard MunyagishariTransferred
MUNYAKAZIICTR-97-36AJuly 5, 2010September 28, 2011Yussuf MunyakaziConviction
MUNYARUGARAMAICTR-02-79 Pheneas MunyarugaramaFugitive
MUNYESHYAKAICTR-05-87Wenceslas MunyeshyakaTransferred
MUSABYIMANAICTR-01-62 Pheneas MunyarugaramaDied before trial
MUSEMAICTR-96-13January 27, 2000November 16, 2001Alfred MusemaConviction
MUVUNYIICTR-00-55September 12, 2006August 29, 2008Tharcisse MuvunyiConviction
NAHIMANA et al. (Media case)ICTR-99-52December 3, 2003November 28, 2007Ferdinand Nahimana, Jean-Bosco Barayagwiza and, Hassan NgezeConviction
NCHAMIHIGOICTR-01-63November 12, 2008March 18, 2010Siméon NchamihigoConviction
NDAHIMANAICTR-01-68December 30, 2011December 16, 2013Grégoire NdahimanaConviction
NDIMBATIICTR-95-01FAloys NdimbatiFugitive
NDINDABAHIZIICTR-01-71July 15, 2004January 16, 2007Emmanuel NdindabahiziConviction
NGIRABATWAREICTR-99-54December 20, 2012December 18, 2014Augustin NgirabatwarePending review at IRMCT
NIYITEGEKAICTR-96-14May 16, 2003July 9, 2004Eliézer NiyitegekaConviction
NIZEYIMANAICTR-00-55CJune 19, 2012September 29, 2014Ildéphonse NizeyimanaConviction
NSENGIMANAICTR-01-69November 17, 2009Hormisdas NsengimanaAcquittal
NSHOGOZAICTR-07-91July 7, 2009March 15, 2010Léonidas NshogozaConviction
NTAGANZWAICTR-96-9Ladislas NtaganzwaTransferred
NTAGERURA et al. (Cyangugu)ICTR-99-46February 25, 2004July 6, 2006André Ntagerura, Emmanuel Bagambiki, and Samuel ImanishimweConviction
NTAKIRUTIMANA et al.ICTR-96-17February 21, 2003December 13, 2004Gérard Ntakirutimana and Elizaphan NtakirutimanaConviction
NTAWUKULILYAYOICTR-05-82August 3, 2010December 14, 2011Dominique NtawukulilyayoConviction
NTUYAHAGAICTR-98-40Bernard NtuyahagaIndictment withdrawn
NYIRAMASUHUKO et al. (Butare)ICTR-98-42June 24, 2011December 14, 2015Pauline Nyiramasuhuko, Joseph Kanyabashi, Elie Ndayambaje, Sylvain Nsabimana, Alphonse Nteziryayo, and Arsène Shalom NtahobaliConviction
NZABIRINDAICTR-01-77February 23, 2007Joseph NzabirindaGuilty plea
NZABONIMANAICTR-98-44DMay 31, 2012September 29, 2014Callixte NzabonimanaConviction
RENZAHOICTR-97-31July 14, 2009April 1, 2011Tharcisse RenzahoConviction
RUGAMBARARAICTR-00-59November 16, 2007Juvénal RugambararaGuilty plea
RUGGIUICTR-97-32June 1, 2000Georges RuggiuGuilty plea
RUKUNDOICTR-01-70February 27, 2009October 20, 2010Emmanuel RukundoConviction
RUSATIRAICTR-02-80Léonidas RusatiraIndictment withdrawn
RUTAGANDAICTR-96-3December 6, 1999May 26, 2003Georges Anderson RutagandaConviction
RUTAGANIRAICTR-95-1CMarch 14, 2005Vincent RutaganiraGuilty plea
RWAMAKUBAICTR-98-44CSeptember 20, 2006André RwamakubaAcquittal
RYANDIKAYOICTR-95-1ECharles RyandikayoFugitive
SEMANZAICTR-97-20May 15, 2003May 20, 2005Laurent SemanzaConviction
SEROMBAICTR-01-66December 13, 2006March 12, 2008Athanase SerombaConviction
SERUGENDOICTR-05-84June 12, 2006Joseph SerugendoGuilty plea
SERUSHAGOICTR-98-39December 14, 1998February 14, 2000Omar SerushagoConviction
SETAKOICTR-04-81February 25, 2010September 28, 2011Ephrem SetakoConviction
SIKUBWABOICTR-95-1DCharles SikubwaboFugitive
SIMBAICTR-01-76December 13, 2005November 27, 2007Aloys SimbaConviction
UWILINGIYIMANAICTR-05-83Juvénal UwilingiyimanaDied before trial
UWINKINDIICTR-01-75Jean UwinkindiTransferred
ZIGIRANYIRAZOICTR-01-73December 8, 2008November 16, 2009Protais ZigiranyirazoAcquittal
GAAICTR-07-90-R77December 4, 2007GAA (pseudonym)Conviction