Category Archives: property

News Clips- May 19, 2017

United Nations Representative of the Republic of Korea, Cho Tae-yul, speaks to journalists on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s recent missile launch.
Credit: UN Photo/Manuel Elias

Civil Society

  • On Friday, an estimated 11 activists were detained in Moscow while reading aloud Russia’s constitution. [Guardian]
  • On Wednesday, the government in Venezuela announced it will deploy 2,000 soldiers in response to the hundreds of thousands of demonstrators that have been protesting the government since April. [Guardian]

Freedom of Expression & Access to Information

LGBTI

  • This week, Lebanon was set to be the first Arab country to celebrate gay pride, but the landmark events were canceled due to threatened violence. [Reuters]
  • On Wednesday, the International Day Against Homophobia, 100 activists demonstrated in Russia to protest gay persecution and violence in Chechnya. [Washington Post]

Violence & Humanitarian Crises

  • On Sunday, authorities in Yemen declared a state of emergency due to a cholera outbreak that has killed 115 people. [Guardian]
  • On Monday, at least 20 people died in attacks on a village in Nigeria that may be connected to land disputes in the region. [Washington Post]
  • On Wednesday, it was reported that the Red Cross found 115 people dead in Bangassou, Central African Republic after days of attacks. [Washington Post]

Environment

  • This week, the United Nations World Meteorological Organization launched a two-year worldwide effort to gather data to improve predictions of weather, particularly in the Arctic and Antarctic. [UN News Centre]
  • The United States Secretary of State signed a document to protect the Arctic, extend scientific cooperation, and acknowledge the entry into force of the Paris Agreement. [Guardian]

Politics

  • On Sunday, North Korea test-fired a mid-to-long-range missile; North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un, claims the United States is in range of the rocket. [Guardian]
  • On Monday, the president of Ukraine, Petro Poroshenko, ordered sanctions against Russia, including blocking access to popular Russian websites for three years. [Guardian]
  • This week, the European Union threatened to sanction Hungary for its anti-European Union rhetoric. [Al Jazeera]

 

East African Court Dismisses Property Rights Case, Critiques Burundi’s Judiciary

EACJ judges
Credit: EACJ

In a judgment adopted on December 2, 2016, the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) did not find violations of the principle of the rule of law or of the right to property due to insufficient evidence provided by the complainant, but did analyze the conduct of Burundian courts and its own jurisdiction to review their decisions. See East African Court of Justice, Manariyo Desire v. Attorney General of Burundi, First Instance Division, Ref. No. 8 of 2015, Judgment of 2 December 2016. The burden, the EACJ held, was on the applicant, Manariyo Desire, to provide “fully conclusive” evidence of the alleged violations of the Treaty for the Establishment of the East African Community (EAC Treaty), Protocol on the Establishment of the East African Community Common Market (the Protocol), and African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (African Charter). See id. at paras. 8-10, 85, 99.  Based on the complainant’s allegations, the Court did conclude that Burundi’s courts had taken a “cavalier” approach to the rule of law, but could not find any rights violations in this regard because the complainant failed to provide the full record of the domestic proceedings. See id. at paras. 41-41, 80-84. The EACJ took the opportunity to further define principles of good governance and rule of law under the EAC Treaty, particularly emphasizing that the latter requires judicial authorities to provide reasoning for their rulings, and to discuss its own authority to review national courts’ decisions. See generally id.
Read more

IACHR Publishes Standards on Rights in Context of Human Mobility

26146406582_b30ca67808_z

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights holds a thematic hearing on the situation of migrant and refugee children and families in the United States
Credit: IACHR

On November 4, 2016, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) published a report that seeks to address the practical realities of those in the context of human mobility and lay out the legal standards that should govern Member States’ policies concerning migrants, asylum seekers, refugees, persons in need of complimentary protection, stateless persons, victims of human trafficking, and internally displaced persons. [IACHR Press Release] The report, Human Rights of Migrants, Refugees, Stateless Persons, Victims of Human Trafficking and Internally Displaced Person: Norms and Standards of the Inter-American Human Rights System, outlines standards that the IACHR and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights have developed through reports on petitions and cases, judgments, advisory opinions, precautionary measures, provisional measures and country and thematic reports. [IACHR: Press Release] The major areas of focus in the report are: servitude and human trafficking, freedom of movement and residence, due process in immigration and extradition proceedings, family life, the right not to be subjected to cruel or inhuman treatment as a result of deportation, immigration detention, the right to seek and receive asylum, non-refoulement, the right to a nationality, and property rights. Read more

Attacks on South Sudanese Civilians, Humanitarian Workers Prompt International Response

Security Council visits South Sudan. 12 August 2014 Arrival of SC Delegation at Juba International Airport.

A United Nations Security Council delegation visits South Sudan
Credit: UN Photo/JC McIlwaine

In South Sudan, opposing armed forces backing President Kirr and Vice President Machar may have committed war crimes by attacking civilians and humanitarian personnel and facilities in recent weeks, according to UN representatives, prompting a decision by the African Union to send additional troops to join the UN peacekeeping force there. [NPR; UN News Centre: Juba; OHCHR Press Briefing] Renewed outbreaks of violence in South Sudan have displaced tens of thousands and killed hundreds of civilians and humanitarian aid workers, amid widespread hunger and a suspected cholera outbreak. [UN News Centre: Juba; OHCHR Press Release; Reuters] While a ceasefire that began on July 11 has held, civilians continue to deal with the aftermath. [OHCHR Press Briefing; Guardian] International bodies have condemned the fighting and the targeting of civilians, UN peacekeepers, and UN compounds. [OHCHR Press Briefing; OHCHR Press Release; UN News Centre: Juba; UNICEF Press Release: Violence; ACHPR Press Release]

The recent fighting implicates South Sudan’s commitments under international law. As the UN Security Council reminded the State, civilians may not be targeted during armed conflict and humanitarian aid workers must be able to access those in need of their services. [UN News Centre: Juba] South Sudan is further obligated to respect and protect the rights to freedom from torture, the life of the child, and access to medical care for women and children, pursuant to the international human rights treaties it has ratified. Read more

« Older Entries